WHAT ARE ELECTROLYTES? -
THE NEW NURSE
Causes and Symptoms of Electrolyte Imbalance
Sodium, potassium, magnesium, muscle weakness, seizures,
fluid loss, massive blood loss, blood pressure medications.
Transsphenoidal Surgery, DDAVP, ABG, Hyperkalemia,
WHAT ARE ELECTROLYTES?
Electrolytes are simply minerals in the blood and
body tissues that give the electrical charge
necessary to keep the heart, kidneys, nerves
and other vital organs functioning well.
Too much or too little can cause serious
Examples of electrolytes, Potassium, calcium,
chloride, bicarbonate and magnesium.
Signs and symptoms include:
- Leg cramps
- EKG changes
- increase/decrease in urinary output
CAUSES OF ELECTROLYTE
- excessive sweating
- dehydration due to fluid loss
- excessive vomiting
- diuretics (lasix) causing potassium
- massive blood loss
Treatment will be directed at correcting
Simply put, dehydration is brought on
by massive fluid loss from the body.
Causes include, but are not confined
- trauma of any kind
- excessive sweating, vomiting,
- burns, heat exhaustion
- hypernatremia (high sodium)
- surgical intervention
- diabetes insipidus (DI),
DKA (diabetic ketoacidosis)
Consequences of dehydration
Electrolyte imbalances, hypovolemic
shock, hypotension, a decrease in
oxygen saturation, hypothermia,
mental confusion and fainting.
Treatment is directed at correcting
the cause or causes. If left untreated,
dehydration may be fatal.
Following trauma, if there is massive
blood loss, hypovolemic shock may
occur. Loss of electrolytes may also
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AVOIDING MEDICATION ERRORS
Magnesium Sulfate (Tocolytic Medication)
may be used in treating this condition